تاثیر چای ورمی کمپوست بر صفات مورفو فیزیولوژیک، عملکرد و کیفیت ریشه چغندرقند (Beta vulgaris L.) تحت شرایط کمبود آب

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه شهرکرد

2 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه شهرکرد- دانشکده کشاورزی-

چکیده

به منظور بررسی تأثیر چای ورمی کمپوست در کاهش اثرات تنش و بهبود عملکرد چغندرقند، آزمایشی به صورت کرت­های یک بار خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه دانشگاه شهرکرد و منطقه شلمزار استان چهارمحال بختیاری در فصل زراعی 1394 اجرا شد. کرتهای اصلی شامل سه سطح آبیاری تأمین 100، 75 و 50 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه و کرتهای فرعی شامل سه سطح محلول­پاشی: چای ورمی کمپوست به میزان 27 و 54 لیتر در هکتار و محلول­پاشی با آب مقطر (شاهد) بودند. نتایج نشان داد محلول­پاشی چای ورمی کمپوست باعث افزایش شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی، شاخص سطح برگ، تعداد برگ در بوته، قطر ریشه، وزن خشک اندام هوایی و ریشه، شکر قابل استحصال، عملکرد ریشه و عملکرد قند و کم آبیاری باعث کاهش این صفات به استثنای شکر قابل استحصال گردید. مقایسه میانگین برهمکنش تیمارهای آبیاری و محلول­پاشی چای ورمی کمپوست نشان داد که بیشترین شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی برگ، قطر ریشه و عملکرد ریشه با محلول­پاشی 54 لیتر چای ورمی کمپوست در هکتار در تأمین 100 درصد نیاز آبی گیاه به دست آمد. در بین صفات، شاخص پایداری غشا، میزان سبزینگی، تعداد برگ، شاخص سطح برگ و قطر ریشه همبستگی بالایی با وزن خشک ریشه نشان داد. تأثیر مثبت چای ورمی کمپوست با تحریک رشد موجب کاهش اثرات منفی کمبود آب بر گیاه چغندرقند شد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of vermicompost tea application on morpho-physiological characteristics, yield and quality of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) under water stress condition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamideh Ghafari 1
  • Mahmoud Reza Tadayon 2
1 Shahrekord University
2 Faculty member of Shahrekord University
چکیده [English]

In order to investigate the effect of vermicompost tea application on of the reduction of stress effect and improving sugar beet performance, a field experiment was conducted in split plot arrangement based on randomized complete block design with three replications at two regions including Shahrekord University and Shalamzar in 2015. Main plots consisted of three irrigation levels including 100%, 75% and 50% irrigation based on plant’s water requirement and sub-plots were allocated to three soluble including 27 and 54 lit ha-1 vermicompost tea application and sprayed with water (control). Result showed that foliar application of vermicompost tea increased membrane stability index, SPAD value, leaf area index, leaf number, root diameter, shoot and root dry weight, white sugar content, root yield and sugar yield. Water stress decreased all the above mentioned traits except white sugar content. Interaction between irrigation treatment and vermicompost tea application showed that the highest membrane stability index, SPAD value, root diameter, and root yield was achieved with 54 lit ha-1 vermicompost tea application × 100% irrigation based on plant’s water requirement. High correlation was observed between membrane stability index, SPAD value, leaf area index, leaf number, and root diameter with root dry weight.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foliar application
  • leaf area index
  • Shoot and root dry weight
  • White sugar content
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