تجزیه الگوی اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ و محیط برای عملکرد ارقام چغندرقند با استفاده از روش چند متغیره AMMI

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج

2 موسسه تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه بذر چغندرقند، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، کرج، ایران

چکیده

جهت مطالعه پایداری عملکرد و سازگاری ارقام چغندرقند در شرایط آب ‌و هوایی مختلف، نه رقم چغندرقند در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار و در شش منطقه شامل اصفهان، کرج، کرمانشاه، خوی، مشهد و مغان در سال زراعی 1394 مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. در این بررسی به منظور تجزیه الگوی اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط از مدل اثرات اصلی افزایشی و اثرات متقابل ضرب‌پذیر (امی) استفاده شد. نتایج تجزیه اثرات افزایشی جمعپذیر (تجزیه واریانس) و اثرات متقابل ضرب پذیر (تجزیه به مؤلفه­های اصلی) مؤید آن بود که اثر ژنوتیپ در سطح احتمال پنج درصد، و اثر محیط و اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی‌دار بود. نتایج نشان داد که دو مؤلفه اصلی اول اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط در مجموع بیش از 77 درصد از واریانس اثر متقابل را تبیین نمودند. نمودار بای‌پلات حاصل از اولین مؤلفه اصلی اثر متقابل و میانگین عملکرد ریشه برای ژنوتیپ‌ها و محیط‌ها نشان داد که رقم JAAM با عملکرد بیشتر از میانگین کل و کمترین مقدار برای اولین مؤلفه اصلی اثر متقابل به عنوان رقم پایدار شناخته شد. براساس نمودار دو بعدی مربوط به دو مؤلفه اصلی اول اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط، ژنوتیپ‌هایJAAM و (I13*A37.1)*SH-1-HSF.5 در محیط‌های اصفهان و مشهد، ژنوتیپ‌های 1571، (I13*KWS)*302-HSF.20، (I13*A37.1)*S1.88239، BR1 و ARAS 101 در کرمانشاه و مغان و ژنوتیپ‌های ICو 7233در کرج دارای سازگاری خصوصی بودند. همچنین ژنوتیپ‌های 7233، (I13*A37.1)*S1.88239، JAAM و ARAS 101 نسبت به سایر ژنوتیپ‌ها از سازگاری عمومی بیشتری برخوردار بودند. بطور کلی نتایج مشخص نمود که امکان گزینش ارقام مناسب برای هر منطقه وجود دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Genotype - environment interaction pattern analysis for sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cultivars yield using AMMI multivariate method

نویسنده [English]

  • Khodadad Mostafavi 1
1 Associated Professor, Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to study the stability and adaptability of sugar beet genotypes under different climatic conditions, nine genotypes were evaluated in Isfahan, Karaj, Kermanshah, Khoy, Mashhad and Moghan regions in a randomized complete block design with four replications in 2015.Genotype × environment interaction was studied by estimating additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI) method. Analysis of additive main effects (analysis of variance) and multiplicative interactions (principal component analysis) showed significant effect of genotype (P < 0.05), environment (P < 0.01), and genotype × environment interaction (P < 0.01). Cumulative of first two principal components explained about 77% of the interaction variance. The biplot of the first interaction principal component and mean yield showed that JAAM had higher yield than the overall mean identified as a stable genotype. Based on AMMI2 graph, JAAM and (I13*A37.1)*SH-1-HSF.5 genotypes in Isfahan and Meshhad, 1571, (I13*KWS)*302-HSF.20, (I13*A37.1)*S1.88239, BR1 and ARAS 101 genotypes in Kermanshah and Moghan and IC and 7233 genotypes in Karaj had specific adaptability. Among all genotypes, 7233, (I13*A37.1)*S1.88239, JAAM and ARAS 101 had the highest general adaptability. Results showed the possibility of genotype selection for each location.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Analysis of stability and adaptability
  • Root yield
  • sugar beet
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