پاسخ برخی از صفات عملکردی و کیفی چغندر علوفه‌ای (Beta vulgaris L.) به کودهای آلی و پتاسیمی در سوریه

نوع مقاله: مقاله کوتاه

نویسندگان

1 استادیار بخش چغندرقند- سازمان تحقیقات کشاورزی، دمشق، سوریه.

2 دانشجوی گروه خاکشناسی، دانشگاه البات، حمص، سوریه.

چکیده

چغندر علوفه‌ای (Beta vulgaris L.) به عنوان یک محصول علوفه‌ای در سوریه مورد توجه می‌باشد. با این حال اقدامات زراعی توصیه شده جهت افزایش عملکرد آن محمدود هستند. این مطالعه در تاریخ 10 شهریور سال زراعی 96-1395 به منظور بررسی تأثیر کودهای آلی و پتاسیمی بر روی صفات عملکردی چغندر علوفه‌ای انجام شد. آزمایش به صورت اسپلیت پلات (کرت‌های خرد شده) بر پایه بلوک های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. تیمارهای کودآلی (شاهد، کود حیوانی، عصاره جلبک دریایی) به کرت‌های اصلی اختصاص داده شدند. در حالی که تیمارهای پتاسیم به میزان 90، 120 و 160 واحد اکسید پتاسیم خاص در هکتار به طور تصادفی در کرت های فرعی توزیع شدند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان دادند که تیمار پتاسیم بر روی وزن ریشه و اندام هوایی هر بوته و بر روی پروتئین خام ریشه و اندام هوایی اثر معنی‌دار (P≤0.05) داشته است. بهترین تیمار برای دستیابی به بالاترین عملکرد در کیفیت مقدار 90 کیلوگرم در هکتار بود. در میان تیمارهای کودآلی، عصاره جلبک دریایی نسبت به دیگر تیمارها برتی معنی‌دار داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Response of Some Productivity and Quality Traits of Fodder Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) to Organic and Potassium Fertilizers in Syria

نویسندگان [English]

  • Entessar Al Jbawi 1
  • Samir Shamsham 2
  • Hiba Shams Aldeen 2
1 Sugar beet Department-General Commission foe Scientific Agricultural Research (GCSAR), Damascus-Syria
2 Soil Science Department, Al-Baath University, Homs, Syria
چکیده [English]

Fodder beet (Beta vulgaris L.) is the focus of attention as forage crop in Syria. However, recommended agronomic practices for maximizing productivity are limited. The study was conducted on summer date (1st of September), during 2016/2017 season, to study the effect of organic and potassium fertilizer on the productivity traits of fodder beet. The experiment was carried out as split plot design based on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replicates. The organic treatments (control, manure, sea weed extracts) were assigned to the main plots, while potassium treatments (90, 120, and 160 pure unit of K2O/ha) were distributed randomly in the sub plots. The results of analysis of variance showed a significant (P≤0.05) effect of potassium treatment on root and shoot weight per plant, and root and shoot crude protein contents. The best treatment was K90 to get the highest productivity and quality traits. In terms of organic treatments, the sea weed extracts surpassed the other treatments significantly.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fodder beet
  • Organic fertilizer
  • Potassium fertilizer
  • Summer sowing
  • Syria
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