بررسی باقی مانده حشره‌کش‌های کلروپیریفوس و سایپرمترین در ریشه و تفاله چغندرقند در مناطق مختلف استان آذربایجان غربی

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حشره شناسی- دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه گیاهپزشکی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

2 استادیار دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه گیاهپزشکی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران.

3 دانشجوی دکتری قارچ‌شناسی- دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه گیاهپزشکی دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران.

چکیده

چغندرقند (Beta vulgaris L. sub sp. vulgaris) یک گیاه صنعتی است که از ریشه آن شکر استخراج می­شود و به صورت مستقیم و غیر مستقیم نیز مورد مصرف انسان و دام قرار می­گیرد. این مطالعه در طی ماه های مهر تا دی سال 1395 به منظور تعیین باقیمانده دو حشره­کش پرمصرف کلروپیریفوس و سایپرمترین در چغندرقند حاصل از مناطق ارومیه، خوی، سلماس، بوکان، مهاباد، نقده و میاندوآب و تفاله­های حاصل از سه کارخانه قند ارومیه، میاندوآب و نقده در استان­ آذربایجان غربی مورد انجام شد. برای این منظور از روش کروماتوگرافی مایع با کارایی بالا (HPLC) استفاده شد. نتایج بدست آمده از نمونه­های مناطق مهاباد، نقده میاندوآب، سلماس، ارومیه، خوی و بوکان) نشان داد که باقی مانده حشره­کش کلروپیریفوس در منطقه­ خوی بیشترین مقدار و بعد از آن به ترتیب نمونه­های مناطق میاندوآب، بوکان و سلماس قرار داشتند. در ریشه های چغندرقند مناطق مهاباد، نقده و ارومیه و در تفاله­ کارخانه های میاندوآب، ارومیه و نقده، هیچ باقیمانده­ای از حشره­کش کلروپیریفوس‌ یافت نشد. در مورد سایپرمترین نتایج نشان دادند که بیشترین مقدار باقی مانده مربوط به منطقه خوی و بعد از آن به ترتیب مناطق بوکان، نقده، میاندوآب و ارومیه قرار داشتند. در مناطق مهاباد و سلماس و در تفاله­های بدست آمده از کارخانه های قند میاندوآب، ارومیه و نقده، هیچ باقیمانده­ای از حشره­کش سایپرمترین یافت نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Chlorpyrifos and Cypermethrin insecticides residues in sugar beet root and pulp in different regions of West Azerbaijan province

نویسندگان [English]

  • I. Zollghadr 1
  • O. Valizadegan 2
  • S. Moshari 3
1 MS. Student of Plant Protection Department, Agricultural faculty, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Plant Protection Department, Agricultural faculty, University of Urmia, Urmia, Iran.
3 PhD student of Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L. sub sp. vulgaris) is an industrial crop which is mainly grown for sugar extraction from its root, and is also used directly and indirectly by human and livestock. This study was carried out during October to December 2016 to determine the residues rate of two highly consumed insecticides called Chloropyrifos and Cypermethrin, on sugar beet produced in Urmia, Khoy, Salmas, Bukan, Miandoab, Mahabad and Naghedeh and pulps from three sugar factory of Urmia, Miandoab and Naghadeh in West Azerbaijan province. High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) was used for this purpose. Results of the samples from Urmia, Khoy, Salmas, Bukan, Miandoab, Mahabad and Naghedeh showed that the chlorpyrifos insecticide in the city of Khoy had the highest residual rate, and followed by samples from Miandoab, Bukan, and Salmas, respectively. In the root samples collected from Mahabad, Naghdeh, and Urmia, and pulp samples from Miandoab, Urmia and Naghdah factories no insecticide residues were detected. In the case of Cypermethrin, the highest residuals were in Khoy followed by Bukan, Naghadeh, Miandoab and Urmia, respectively.. No cypromethrin insecticide residues were found in Mahabad and Salmas areas and in pulp obtained from Miandoab, Urumia and Naghadeh.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Insecticide residue
  • High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPTLC)
  • Chlorpyrifos
  • Cypermethrin
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