تأثیر پرایمینگ بذر بر رشد گیاه‌چه چغندرقند (Vulgaris Beta L.) تحت تنش شوری

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دکترای زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران. بخش تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه بذر چغندرقند ، مرکز تحقیقات و

2 استاد گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی-ارومیه –ایران

3 موسسه تحقیقات اصلاح و تهیه بذر چغندرقند- سازمان تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی-کرج-ایران

4 گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی-ارومیه – ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور مطالعه تأثیر پرایمینگ بذر بر رشد گیاه چه چغندرقند تحت تنش شوری پژوهشی در آزمایشگاه و گلخانه گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه ارومیه در سال 1395 به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار به اجرا در آمد. فاکتور اول چهار سطح شوری شامل شوری صفر، 5، 10 و 15 دسی­زیمنس بر متر حاصل از کلرید سدیم و فاکتور دوم تیمارهای پرایمینگ شامل ­آب مغناطیسی­، اسید سالسیلیک، کلرید کلسیم ((CaCl2 و کلرید سدیم((NaCl و عدم پرایمینگ (شاهد) به مدت هشت ساعت بودند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس داده­ها نشان داد اثر سطوح شوری بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی به غیر از شاخص جوانه‌زنی و یکنواختی سبز شدن در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی­دار بود. اثر پرایمینگ بذر نیز بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی­دار بود. همچنین اثر متقابل دو تیمار بر شاخص جوانه‌زنی و طول گیاه­چه در سطح احتمال یک درصد و طول ساقه­چه در سطح احتمال پنج درصد معنی­دار شد. نتایج نشان داد سطح 15دسی­زیمنس بر متر شوری درصد نهایی جوانه‌زنی، طول ریشه‌چه، وزن خشک ریشه‌چه، وزن خشک ساقه­چه، وزن خشک گیاه­چه، شاخص بنیه گیاه­چه، سرعت سبز شدن، درصد سبز شدن نهایی و ضریب سرعت سبز شدن را در مقایسه با سطح شاهد به ترتیب 8/89، 33/33، 51/35، 46/41، 44/44، 48/75، 25/23، 13/05 و 49/05 درصد کاهش و متوسط زمان جوانه­زنی را 56/49 درصد افزایش داد. درحالیکه پرایمینگ با کلرید سدیم ((NaCl, 1g/100ccدرصد نهایی جوانه‌زنی، طول ریشه‌چه، وزن خشک ریشه‌چه، وزن خشک ساقه چه، وزن خشک گیاه چه، شاخص بنیه گیاه­چه، سرعت سبز شدن، یکنواختی سبز شدن، درصد سبز شدن نهایی و ضریب سرعت سبز شدن را در مقایسه با تیمار عدم پرایمینگ 14/55، 9/95، 84/21، 27/77، 22/72، 58/94، 26/23، 17/32، 10/07 و 9/09 درصد افزایش یا کاهش داد و متوسط جوانه­زنی را 13/14 درصد کاهش داد. بیشترین شاخص جوانه زنی، طول ساقه­چه و طول گیاه­چه و کمترین متوسط زمان جوانه­زنی در سطح صفر شوری و پرایمینگ با کلرید سدیم به دست آمد. همچنین پرایمینگ با کلرید سدیم در دیگر سطوح شوری توانست اثر تنش شوری را بر شاخص‌های مذکور تعدیل نماید و به عنوان بهترین تیمار پرایمینگ شناخته شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of the effect of seed priming on sugar beet (Beta Vulgaris L.) Ecbatana cultivar seedlings under salinity stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Adel Pedram 1
  • Mehdi Tajbakhsh 2
  • Dariush Fathollah Taleghani 3
  • Mahdi Ghiyasi 4
1 1. Graduated Ph.D. in Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. 2 Sugar beet seed improvement and procurement research, Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, West Azarbaijan Province, Agricultural
2 Prof. Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
3 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
4 Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • germination
  • Sodium chloride
  • Salicylic Acid. Germination index
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