واکنش چغندرقند از نظر عیار و صفات مورفولوژیک به تغذیه تحت آبیاری با پساب

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه شهرکرد

2 دانشیار گروه زراعت دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه شهرکرد

چکیده

  به­منظور بررسی واکنش گیاه چغندرقند از نظر عیارقند و صفات مورفولوژیک به مدیریت تغذیه تحت آبیاری با پساب، آزمایشی به­صورت کرت­های یکبار خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 1392 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه شهرکرد به اجرا درآمد. کرت‎های اصلی شامل سه مرحله 1- آبیاری چغندرقند با پساب شهری در مرحله دو تا چهار برگی 2- آبیاری با پساب شهری در مرحله هشت تا 12 برگی و 3- آبیاری با آب معمولی (شاهد) و کرت فرعی شامل چهار تیمار کودی: کود گوسفندی، کمپوست بستر قارچ، کود شیمیایی و بدون کود (شاهد) بود. نتایج نشان داد استفاده از پساب در مرحله هشت تا 12 برگی به­طور معنی­داری موجب افزایش وزن تک ریشه، وزن‎تر اندام هوایی، طول و قطر ریشه در مقایسه با آب معمولی گردید. اما غلظت عناصر مس و منگنز در اندام هوایی، عیار قند و شکر قابل استحصال تحت تأثیر تیمار­های آبیاری قرار نگرفتند. در حالی که اثرات تیمارهای کودی بر این صفات معنی­دار بودند. در بین تیمار­های کودی بیشترین وزن تک ریشه، وزن تر اندام هوایی، طول و قطر ریشه به تیمار کود گوسفندی و تیمار آبیاری با پساب در مرحله هشت تا 12 برگی اختصاص داشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effects of wastewater irrigation on sugar content and morphological traits of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.)

نویسندگان [English]

  • E. Ahmadpoor Dehkordi1 1
  • M.R. Tadayon 2
1 MSc. Student, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to evaluate the effects of wastewater irrigation on sugar content and morphological traits of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), an experiment was conducted in split plot design based on randomized complete block design with three replications at Research Station in Shahrekord University in 2013. The treatments consisted of irrigation with urban wastewater at 2-4 and 8-12 leaf stages, and irrigation with normal water (control) in main plots, and four types of fertilizer including sheep manure, mushroom compost, chemical fertilizer, and no fertilizer (control) in sub-plot. Results showed that irrigation at 8-12 leaf stage significantly increased single root weight, shoot fresh weight, root length and diameter in comparison with control. However, copper and manganese concentration in shoot, sugar content, and white sugar content were not influenced significantly. Fertilizer treatments had significant influence on the aforesaid traits. The maximum single root weight, shoot fresh weight, and root length and diameter were observed in sheep manure treatment and irrigation at 8-12 leaf stage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Micronutrien
  • ts Mushroom compost
  • Root length
  • sugar beet
  • Wastewater
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