عنوان مقاله [English]
Sugar beet is one of the major products in Qazvin plain that allocated most of planting areas to itself after wheat, barley and corn. In recent years, restriction on water resources decreased sugar beet planting area in this plain. Therefore, in this study, the effects of increase in sugar beet planting area on planting pattern, grower's gross profit, and inputs utilization under water shortage was investigated. To achieve this goal, positive mathematical programming model and products yield function based on water requirement was used. Data were collected from the questionnaires completed by 127 growers in 2012-13. Data were analyzed by SPSS software and the model was solved by GAMZ software. Results showed that increase in sugar beet planting decreased wheat, barley and canola planting area and increased the grower's gross profit. It also resulted in reduction in inputs utilization such as water, capital, and machines in large fields and increase in utilization of the aforesaid inputs for small and medium fields. In conclusion, increasing sugar beet planting area which resulted in reduction in fertilizer and pesticide application is recommended as a proper solution for reducing environmental pollution in southern regions of Qazvin plain.
Howitt RE, Medellin-Azuara J, MacEwan D, Lund R. Calibrating disaggregate economic models of agricultural production and water management. Science of the Environmental Modeling and Software. 2012; 38: 244-258.
Medellan-Azuara J, Harou JJ, Howitt RE. Predicting farmer responses to water pricing, rationing and subsidies assuming profit maximizing investment in irrigation technology. Science of the Agricultural Water Management. 2011; 108: 73–82.
Moinodini Z. Considering farmer’s response to irrigation water price and quotas policies in Kerman province (MSc thesis). University of Zabol, Iran; 2010. 90 p.
Nigel H. Linear and quadratic models of the southern Murray-Darling basin. Environment International. 2005; 27: 219-223.
Parhizkari A. Determination economic value of irrigation water and farmer’s response to price and non-price policies in Qazvin province (MSc thesis), University of Zabol, Iran. 2012. 130 p. (In Persian)
Parhizkari A, Sabuhi M. Simulation farmers’ response to reducing available water policy. Journal of Water and Irrigation Management. 2012; 3(2): 59-74 (in Persian, abstracts in English).
Parhizkari A, Sabuhi M, Ziaee S. Simulation water market and analysis of the effects irrigation water sharing policy on cropping patterns under conditions of water shortage, Journal of Agricultural Economics and Development. 2012; 27(3): 242-252 (in Persian, abstracts in English).