بررسی اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط برای ارقام منوژرم چغندرقند با استفاده از روش AMMI

نوع مقاله: کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد اصلاح نباتات دانشگاه پیام نور کرمانشاه

2 مربی مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان کرمانشاه

3 استایار مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان کرمانشاه

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط و پایداری ارقام چغندرقند، چهار رقم منوژرم چغندرقند، شامل شیرین، زرقان، لاتیتیا و هیبرید 7112 در پنج منطقه مهم حوزه چغندرکاری کارخانه قند بیستون شامل کنگاور، صحنه، دینور، چم‎چمال و روانسر در قالب طرح بلوک‎های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار به مدت سه سال (87-1385) مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. نتایج تجزیه واریانس نشان داد که اثرات اصلی ژنوتیپ، محیط و اثر متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط برای صفات عملکردریشه، عیارقند و عملکردشکر معنی‎دار است. مدل AMMIبا دو مؤلفه اصلی اول بیشترین درصد از اثرات متقابل ژنوتیپ در محیط (9/99، 3/99 و 4/99 درصد به ترتیب برای صفات عملکردریشه، عیارقند و عملکردشکر) را تبیین نمود. بای‎پلات‎های حاصل از مؤلفه‎های اصلی اثر متقابل و میانگین صفات مورد بررسی نشان داد که، لاتیتیا برترین ژنوتیپ بود، اما کمترین سازگاری عمومی را داشت و با منطقه صحنه سازگاری خصوصی نشان داد. رقم زرقان بیشترین سازگاری عمومی را با مناطق داشت اما مقادیر متوسطی برای صفات مورد مطالعه نشان داد. هیبرید 7112 نیز با کنگاور سازگاری خصوصی نشان داد. در بین مناطق از نظر صفات مورد مطالعه، صحنه مطلوب‎ترین منطقه بود و با چم‎چمال قرابت محیطی بالا داشت. باتوجه به میانگین صفات و دو مؤلفه اول اثر متقابل، دینور نامناسب‎ترین منطقه برای کشت ارقام مورد مطالعه بود. بنابراین صحنه و روانسر به عنوان مناطق مناسب کشت چغندرقند، توصیه می‎شوند و لاتیتیا، به‎عنوان ژنوتیپی مناسب در بین ارقام مورد بررسی برای این مناطق معرفی می‎گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of genotype ×environment interaction for sugar beet monogerm cultivars using AMMI method

نویسندگان [English]

  • F. Moradi Moradi 1
  • H. Safari 2
  • A. Jalilian 3
2 Instructor of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran.
3 Assistant professor of Agricultural and Natural Resources Research Center of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In order to study the effect of genotype × environment interaction and stability of sugar beet varieties, four cultivars, including Shirine, Zarghan, Laetitia and 7112 hybrid were planted in five major areas near to sugar beet factory of Biseton as Kangavar, Sahneh, Chamchamal, Dinavar and Ravansar for three years (2006-2008) using a randomized complete block designs, with three replications. Analysis of variance for root yield, sugar yield and sugar content showed that the environment and genotype main effects and genotype × environment interaction were significant. AMMI model with the first two principal components explanied most of the genotype × environment interaction (99.9%, 99.3 % and 99.4 %) for root yield, sugar yield and sugar content, respectively. Laetitia was the best genotype based on the biplots, but had the least general adaptation to the environments and showed specific adaptation to Sahneh location. Zarghan  had the most highest general adaptation to the locations, but had the average value for the traits studied.  7112 hybrid had the specific adaptation to Kangavar location. Among the locations, Sahneh was the best location, and was more similar to Chamchamal. Based on means and the first two interaction components, Dinavar was the poorest location. Therefore, Sahneh and Ravansar are recommended as suitable places for planting of sugar beet and Laetitia is suggested as the best genotype for these locations. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • AMMI
  • Genotype × environment interaction
  • Stability
  • sugar beet

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